The most rare and possibly most endangered of all great ape species, bonobos live in the war affected country in heart of the Congo Basin, the world's second largest rain forest and the area of greatest biodiversity in Africa. Bonobos are found in only one country: the war-torn Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire).
Conservation efforts on bonobos have been extremely limited, even as the threats to their survival become increasingly severe. No one knows how many survive; frightening estimates range as low as 5,000 and the population is definitely decreasing. At this time, there is no enforced protection for the bonobo.
The project Bonobo conservation aims to protect bonobo species in the democratic republic of Congo and to help ameliorate the reproduction of the species.