BENEFITING: AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL FRONTIERS INC
Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)
There is a Cure!
American Veterinary Medical Frontiers, Inc. spearheaded introduction into the United States of an Equine Infectious Anemia vaccine that was developed in China. The vaccine is currently stored at an approved USDA facility. This research project is a collaborative effort of AVMF and the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute in China (HVRI), which developed the vaccine. Through an agreement with the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and HVRI, AVMF possesses doses of the Chinese EIA vaccine, the original Equine Infectious Anemia strain from which the vaccine was developed, and other biologics related to this vaccine development.
In developing vaccines to fight retroviral diseases, including the Chinese Equine Infectious Anemia vaccine, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of protective immunity, replication and attenuation. The development of this vaccine includes all these mechanisms.
AVMF is the only research facility in the U.S.to possess the Chinese Live Attentuated EIA vaccine. This vaccine offers significant hope for preventing or finding effective treatment for Equine Infectious Anemia and other retroviruses. In 1983, when Dr. Tashjian began cooperating with the Chinese research teams, the emphasis was on developing the vaccine as an animal model for AIDS. The Chinese scientists are very optimistic that this new vaccine technology may answer many of the difficult questions confronting AIDS researchers. Our research has the possibility of propelling AIDS researchers toward a better understanding of the dynamics of AIDS.
The Fate of Bucky
Bucky was a 40 year old gelding diagnosed with Equine Infectious Anemia and lived at Malden Brook Farm in West Boylston, MA. Bucky’s fate would have been euthanasia if Dr. Robert J. Tashjian had not brought him to join a herd of 20 Equine Infectious Anemia-negative offspring of Equine Infectious Anemia-positive parents. These 20 were the only horses still alive that were rescued from the New York City Animal Medical Center-Duke Farms Equine Infectious Anemia program. Bucky had always remained asymptomatic, which means he had NO clinical signs of the disease. Bucky lived a healthy, happy life for over two decades with an Equine Infectious Anemia diagnosis, passing away in recent years in his mid 40’s!
Unfortunately, Bucky was condemned to a life of confinement in his later years, due to current state and federal regulations, and sadly died in quarantine. Along with Bucky, other Equine Infectious Anemia positive horses resided on Malden Brook Farm. These horses lived in a quarantined area on the farm, separated from the herd of negative horses that also live on the farm.
In the past, Malden Brook Farm was able to offer conditions that no other Equine Infectious Anemia research program in the country could offer, by allowing Equine Infectious Anemia positive horses to live in a social environment. We still offer a free-roaming, natural environment within a veterinary medical center facility. But now the regulations require housing EIA-positive horses in a quarantine area. Although no Equine Infectious Anemia-positive horses reside on the farm at this time, currently we have over 40 Equine Infectious Anemia-negative horses that had lived with the positive horses in the past.
How Equine Infectious Anemia Research Can Help Humans
Since 1984, Equine Infectious Anemia has been an internationally recognized animal model for human HIV/AIDS. Equine Infectious Anemia has many similarities to HIV/AIDS, including modes of transmission, pathology, immunology and molecular biology.
The close similarities between Equine Infectious Anemia and AIDS can enable researchers to develop a better understanding of retroviruses and their strains. Compared with a human study, the use of a naturally occurring animal model allows for a closer and more complete study of the diseases. Unfortunately, there is presently very little hope for the actually-ill patient. Therefore, sound management and knowledge of the disease is essential for controlling such a severe and international health problems.
Currently, Equine Infectious Anemia-positive horses throughout the world are being slaughtered or quarantined. This is a tragic, ineffective waste! However, the Chinese Live Attenuated EIA vaccine can prevent contracting the disease in horses. This vaccine offers new hope in developing a better understanding and treatment for retroviruses, including Equine Infectious Anemia and HIV. Dr. Tashjian conducted pioneering work on the transmission of EIA. He found that the disease is transmitted in the blood through insects and other vectors, semen and milk. These findings have withstood the test of time.
Dr.Tashjian, with the assistance of a dedicated, veterinary staff, studied over 100 horses at Duke Farms, Somerville, NJ. At that time, Equine Infectious Anemia had broken out in epidemic levels in parts of that state. Please Help You can help spread the word about our work. We urgently need financial support. We need and encourage national and world support and participation.
Please help cure AIDS/EIA. Any donation amount is greatly appreciated.
Visit our website at http://www.vetfrontiers.org