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Edward saimon's Fundraiser:

TANZANIA VOCATIONAL, BUSINESS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAM

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Young people and single mothers own and operate their own micro franchise businesses.
July 06, 2016

Older young people and single mothers aged 18-24, face stiff competition in a labor market already characterized by high unemployment. With  See more

BENEFITING: World of Children Inc

Edward saimon

THE STORY:

In 2012 KIOO tries to find out how to mitigate the problem, we proposed to build the capacity of the young people and single young mothers through vocational training canter where a principally at remedial/supplementary education for primary school drop-outs and vocational training to teenagers. The established centre was aiming at:- 1. Provision of remedial/supplementary education for primary school drop-outs 2. To provide young people, single young mothers and any other disadvantaged group with skills and knowledge that allows them to gain financial literacy and employment opportunities. 3. To have groups of young people and single young mothers that is engaging in economic activities for economic inclusion. To date the established canter is having 7 working classrooms and other 7 under construction, 13 rooms for girls hostel, 1 house for staff, 2 building used as offices, 18 sola panel and 8 batteries, 1 charger controller all for lights at the centre, 15 sewing machine, carpentry and masonry tool boxes for practical during class hours. On enrolment side we have enrolled 1050 where 650 of them have already graduated in different courses and the rest 400 will graduate by the end of July this year 2016. After they have graduated we have already identified other 450 young people and single young mothers that will start their vocational trainings early August 2016 to reach 1500 beneficiaries. To support this we are proposing a program that will implement an integrated package of activities in all districts of Kigoma Region which will contribute to five project outcomes broadly aimed at: (1) improving access to quality education; (2) enhancing household livelihoods; (3) increasing young people and single mothers employment opportunities; (4) building institutional capacity; and (5) increasing awareness and understanding of young people and single mothers rights. The program‘s direct beneficiaries will include 8,000 young people supported scholarships to increase access to primary and secondary 4,200 non-formal education; 3,360 households with increased access to savings and loans and improved livelihoods; and 7,600 young people and single mothers with enhanced access to vocational training and employment. There are factors that cause vulnerability for young people and single young mothers in Kigoma region. The factors have been summaries in three main factors that are:- (1) Death of parents; care of the family members is a responsibility of the parents, but due to norms and customs of Kigoma people most men are responsible for their families. Therefore after the death of parents most man the remained children are taken by grantparents that has no ability to provide basic needs of the children; instead the grown up children are forced to take responsibility of themselves, their grantparents and their young sisters and brothers hence drop-out started. Again death of a husband has been resulting into hopeless widows after all wealth that was owned by this family to be taken by the man’s relatives and left this woman with nothing. Under this program we want to run an awareness at community level aiming at awakening community members on the rights of children and widows at the same time we want to build capacity of the single parents and widows to understand their rights and of their children so that to reduce number of children that have no support. (2) Extreme poverty at household level; there are two scenarios that cause poverty at household level; one is when there is high number of household dependant at household level compared to the capable and ability of the household concern as a result number of the family members that involve in production are very low compared to consuming number as a result the household has no surplus for development. The second scenario is when the household are not able to provide all requirements to their children regardless of having all two parents either they are disabled or they are grantparents as a result children are used as substitute to income, children are forced to work in either fishing camps or tobacco farming so that they can earning income that will contribute to welfare of the family. It is not because family members are happy with the situation but they have nothing to do to help their beloved children. In order to mitigate this situation we are proposing under this program to introduce income generation activities through household economic groups that will be formed at every village level. (3) Crude working tools and lack of information on market. Almost 90% of rural people are farmers using hand hoe in farming and having low skills and knowledge on farming methodologies and value chain addition for their product. Again they lack information on markets for their produced crops as a result when they produce even those small crops they didn’t know where to sell them and at what price that situation has been benefiting financial power people who has been using this as a weakness to buy those product/crops at lower price living farmers with nothing to give to their children. The said factors has been pushing children and young people and single young mothers to drop out of school while others have never been to school henceforth remain with few options in searching for their livelihoods. The proposed program will use five components being awareness raising, vocational, business and entrepreneurship trainings household economic empowerment, education and scholarships support and institution strengthening to deliver its support. Through these component young people, single parents, widows and head of household will be able to break out the cycle of poverty and take the first steps towards self-reliance. This program is aiming to equip young people and single young mothers with vocational, business and entrepreneurship knowledge and skills to allow them to gain financial literacy and employability for their future sustainability. The proposed project will deliver such knowledge and skills through vocational trainings that will be done at KIOO centre. An intervention we are proposing has five components being awareness raising, vocational, business and entrepreneurship trainings, household economic empowerment, education and scholarships support and institution strengthening. These component will work as follows:- (1) Awareness rising, this will be done through Mobile phones “SMS” and “MP3” the aim of this awareness will be to bridge the gap of ignorance. Apart from mobile messages and MP3 there will be different awareness meetings that will be done at village level and through radio programmes. Through this component the following activities will be done (i) identification of program beneficiaries and their area of interest, (ii) buying/paying costs for android software (Survey CTO) to be used in data collection and monitoring, (iii) development of data base for awareness raising with ability of sending and receiving messages and analysis, (iv) translating laws and policies that administrates rights of young people and single mothers into friendly languages, (v) distribution of the translated laws and policies that administrates young people and single mothers, (vi) converting all policies and laws that administrates young people and single mothers rights into audio form (vii) identification and trainings of community behaviours change monitors, (viii) trainings to community leaders on their responsibilities in supporting the project and safeguarding young people and single mothers rights in their respective areas, (ix) running villages awareness meetings, (x) Buying of radios to be placed at village centres purposely for community hearing of radio programmes and audio policies at their every sittings. (2) Vocational, business and entrepreneurship trainings, these trainings will be done at Ilagala education and vocational training centre. There will be three categories of young people and single young mothers under this component; the first category will be all young people and single young mothers that has dropout from school and they cannot continue with the stage they dropped out, these will be trained into vocational trainings depending on their desire, the second category will be all young people and single young mothers that has dropped out of school or they have completed form four or standard seven but they lacked support to continue with their further studies, they will be supported through scholarship to undertake different trainings including pursuing their further studies. The last group will be young people and single young mothers that in one way or another they cannot continue with vocational or further studies, these will be trained to run business that is found within their area with the support from revolving fund that will be established. Under this component we expect the following activities:- (i) To and from transport to the identified young people and single mothers to participate into vocational trainings, (ii) paying salaries to teaching and nonteaching staff at KIOO education and vocational training centre, (iii) provision of accommodation to vocational participants at the centre (i.e. shelter, food and first aid), (iv) buying of training materials for practical and to be distributed as start-up tools, (v) buying of uniforms for students at the centre, (vi) formation of production and election groups leaders among graduates, (vii) transportation of the bought startup tools and (viii) assisting in registration of established groups and connection to financial institution. (3) Education and scholarships support, although there are no school fees for primary school in Tanzania, a range of indirect costs serve as barriers to young people and single mothers’ families. Through this project we will consist of a voucher scheme to young people and single mothers’ families to cover costs for uniforms, books, and stationary while others will be entered to qualifying tests (QT) at KIOO centre. School committees (SCs) and school boards (SBs) will put in place a monitoring system to ensure regular attendance, track achievement of scholarship recipients and monitor parents’ commitments. Within non-formal education, we will reinforce the objectives of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training. Adult and Non-formal Education Strategy (ANFES) by enrolling into the MoEVT non-formal accelerated primary education program, Complimentary Basic Education in Tanzania (COBET). The out-of-school young people and single mothers aged 10-14 years who by the mandated age have not registered or dropped out of formal education system and are not able to re-join. We will give them second chance at education by providing the seven-year primary school curriculum in three years. KIOO will enable targeted group to enroll in COBET centers in target districts in Kigoma by providing vouchers for established centres books and stationery. The identified COBET teachers will be trained and paid salaries by KIOO and we will work with primary schools in target communities to plan for and establish COBET centers. Through this component the following activities will be done (i) identification of all school age children but they are not in school (ii) establishment of COBET centres in the target project area (iii) identification and trainings of COBET facilitators (iv) provision of uniforms and other school materials (v) scholarships to young people studying secondary schools from identified household (vi) supporting books and rehabilitation of schools in the project area and (vii) training to school committees and school boards on their responsibility in monitoring progress of the identified beneficiaries at their school. (4) Young people and single mothers’ household economic empowerment; most of the household where young people and single young mothers are coming from are women headed families. Because of the ability to secure income for their daily consumption they use children to substitute to family income, it is not because they desire to do so but because they do not have an alternatives to help their beloved children. In that way empowering women economically with skills to run small business in their area will reduce burden to children and hence remain in school. This will be done by taking all women from the identified household within the respective village and group them into production groups and helping them with Village Communal Banks and Village Savings and Loan Association education. The proposed package of support will include provision of appropriate education options, improving access to district safety nets and other support services; and increasing the income of their households through Market Led Agricultural Production (MLAP) and Collective Marketing and access to alternative livelihood options. Household savings will be immediately increased through the establishment and/or strengthening of Village Communal Banks (VICOBA), based on the Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) model. Under this component the following activities is proposed; (i) identification of groups members at every village, (ii) election of group leaders and group development facilitators, (iii) development of training manuals to be distributed to all women group members, (iv) trainings to group development facilitator and group leaders on business management and group development, (v) construction and distribution of boxes and all necessary tools, (vi) establishment of revolving funding, (vii) helping established groups in registration and account opening, (viii) refresher trainings to group leaders on conflict management, (ix) exposure visit to financial institution for connection and (x) economic forums from all formed groups. The trained group leaders and group development facilitator will have responsibility of passing the obtained knowledge to other group members. It is expected that in every meeting the will be conducting before they deal with loan, savings and any other business they will have to learn how to run business and how to maxims profit. KIOO will provide handouts that will be distributed to all group members. (5) Institution strengthening, this component is aiming at strengthening institution so that it may have ability to offer quality services. The planned activities under this component is:- (i) employing working staffs as shown in the diagram below, (ii) establishment of information and Technology sharing centre, (iii) development of different working manuals and tools, (iv) rehabilitation of Ilagala education and training centre, (v)conducting information sharing forums at district and region level, (vi) education forums aiming capacity building to program staffs(vii) handling community evaluation and monitoring meetings, (viii) conducting research and marketing of product produced by graduates and (ix) buying of office working tools like computers, printers, photocopiers machinery, tables, chairs and vehicle for monitoring

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