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A.F. Hamann's Fundraiser:

The Innocence Project

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BENEFITING: Innocence Project

A.F. Hamann

THE STORY:

 

                           INTEGRITY IN THE FIRST

Hi. Got your coffee? Let's begin. 

THE LAST GOOD COUNTRY CLUB

Should you agree to join me, our effort here today will make us members of an exclusive group. Imagine walking down any street tomorrow. Imagine yourself among the throng, and realizing that utter strangers to one another, you and I, quietly grabbed the hand of another utter stranger, and helped pull him from a cruel and desperate life he didn't earn.

I'd feel pretty good about that. You would too. We wouldn't know one another, but that would hardly matter. You and I, and all others who helped, would be connected forever through this single shared act. 

THE PIT AND THE PEN

What I'm about to yell you carries a high degree discomfort. Discomfort of two possible strains.

One...the discomfort we feel in the presence of overstated or unbelievable information –discomfort from the suspicion we're being lied to. That heat that climbs the neck.

Two...the discomfort that begins and grows as we sense we may actually share responsibility for unintended wrongs. That lump in the gut.

Anticipation of discomfort may coach you to click away from this letter. Please resist.

Please resist that impulse. It's important. As long as you can, stand in the mosquito cloud of persuasion that I intend to release upon you. (I think you can handle it.)

Why stay? Our national and personal integrity is at stake. I know, heavy claim.

How? Our reputation as an enlightened and just society is being undermined. No small thing. I don't say this easily. I'm not generally an alarmist.

By whom? By us. Stinging accusation. Hurts even to entertain it.

THE DOPE

Okay, here it is: if you can help here, the right things will happen...if you can't help here, the right things won't happen.

GUT PUNCHED

At the bottom of this letter is a list. Before I direct you to the list, I would like to tell you that I will ask of you...two things. The completion of these two things will make you...feel good. It's just that simple. That's your direct payoff. Besides also having helped phenomenally change an unjust circumstance endured by someone unknown to me or you.

Really, how many sure ways are there to do that in a day? So stay with me.

And, before you go to the list, imagine yourself at some later hour today. Feet up. Coffee, maybe. Softness. Big window, nice view.

You will be at peace in this later hour because...you are unbothered by the rocks and needles that daily life routinely slings. Because...you did something important and rare today.

I will direct you now to the list at the bottom. Don't try to fully absorb it. This is not a memory test. Just let your eyes play over it a little. Sweep around. Come back here when you're finished. I'll put some distinctive symbols here in bold so you can find your place: ####

NO PRESENT LIKE TIME

So. What did you take in down there? You saw names of people. As you've probably guessed, those men and women...over three hundred now...let me repeat that...over three hundred...were freed by The Innocence Project from prison cells they hadn't earned.

Also listed are the states whose systems imprisoned them. And the numbers of years these men and women lost to their unfair interruption from the life that it shouldn't have been possible to pull out from under them. They were lost to their children, lost to their friends, lost to their spouses. They were denied the ordinary expectations from life that you and I have the luxury to think so little about.

HERMAN ATKINS

Herman Atkins.*  Herman Atkins was"...arrested in California in 1988 and convicted of robbery, rape, forcible oral copulation and for using a handgun in commission of these crimes."

Following several rounds of prosecutors' resistance, The Innocence Project persisted until they secured the right to examine and test the evidence from the crime. DNA testing revealed that the biological material left behind on the victim's sweater could not have come from Mr. Atkins. Herman Atkins was exonerated and released in February, 2000. Undeserved prison term: 12 years.

Let's let that sink in a moment. As we sit here free. Trying to process how this sort of story can unfold in an enlightened society.

THE POWER AND THE GORY

First let's be clear. Most people in prison cells have done something to earn that residence. Narrow bed, cold cement, confined space, not much to do. That is their repayment to us, our society – you and me – for some significant show of disrespect for laws that you and I think are important.

THAT ROAD OF GOOD INTENTIONS

Prisons reflect the society. Our reflection is less than entirely flattering, right now.

We're smart people. We can connect the dots here. Goes like this:

One...you and I elect the legislators to write the laws.

Two...you and I pay the taxes to build the prisons to fill with scofflaws.

Prisons, same as roads, bridges, reservoirs and hospitals, are instruments of our shared purpose. That purpose is the creation and maintenance of a society that suits us. One that we hope others can admire.

A society that draws attention...for the right reasons.

TOMATOES & HUBRIS

Now, I don't have to convince you that our justice system has flaws. Design flaws and human flaws. You already know that...people are human. No matter the heights and goals of our ideals, we make mistakes. Flies in the ointment fall. Do we think our justice system might be the single bureaucracy...the one and the first...in the great span of human endeavor...that is immune to error?

ROBERT CLARK

Robert Clark.**  Robert Clark was convicted in 1982 of "...rape, kidnapping, and armed robbery." The victim was certain of her recall. She testified "...that there was no doubt in her mind that Clark was the assailant."

The District Attorney opposed the Innocence Project's motion to retrieve trial evidence. In 2005, the motion was granted. DNA testing proved that the biological material left on the victim by the rapist could not have come from Mr. Clark. Robert Clark was exonerated and released in November, 2005. Undeserved prison term: 23 years.

Sometimes forensics experts get things wrong. Or innocent suspects...isolated, outnumbered and scared...are hammered by police and prosecutors with possible outcomes more horrible than those that a confession will get them. So they give in. Admit to things they shouldn't.

Would I? Would you? We might. False confessions are queer animals. We may not know why they appear, we know only that they do. That doesn't make false confessors guilty of the crime. It makes them guilty of the fear of something darker than the lighter sentence that will be the reward for their cooperation. This is a virtual Hobson's choice...because the alternative is twice the horror.

THE GIFT OF EASY MATH

Innocent or guilty, taking 5 or 10 years of certainty is a better deal than a lost gamble, the lost trial, that gets you 20. Isn't it? Faced with those and only those choices? You're alone and un-slept, exhausted and broken...what might you confess to?

A PITCH IN THE SYSTEM

My job right now is to get you, with me, to pitch in a little and address some of the consequences of these flaws in the system. As we can. Because those consequences have names.

We don't even have to get dirty, really.

These errors are errors that you and I didn't directly make...but were made on our behalf. By a system we fund. The money we supply is our blessing for that system. Our proxy. What other way is there to look at it? Don't we need to own that?

Then we...you and I...can take action. One by one, as we can. That's how big things get done...one little thing at a time.

OF ICE AND MEN

Will you look at those listed names again? They're not just cold print on page. Not abstractions.

They are actual people. Fathers, sons, cousins, daughters and mothers. They are people who were swept up and imprisoned...unjustly...and proven to be...by a system that you and I maintain. Done in our name.

And we should feel some collective responsibility for that. Some collective shame. I mean, shouldn't we? Let's be adults here.

CIRCLE QUIRK

Now, I happen to have enough faith in human beings to think that most of you, even if you can't give a little today, will be moved by the notion that responsibility for this circumstance is shared equally among all of us citizens. That despite all the noise and blast these days that shared purpose = socialism, and socialism = bad, that you and I, nevertheless, can weather imbecilic rhetoric. Let them call it whatever they want...you and I see virtue and value in shared goals and shared effort. We also accept responsibility for them.

ANDREW GOSSETT

Andrew Gossett.***  In 1999, a rape victim selected Andrew Gossett from a photo lineup. The laboratory chosen by the police was unable to render a usable result from the limited biological evidence left behind by the rapist. The trial produced a conviction. Mr. Gossett was sentenced to 50 years in prison.

DNA testing in 2006 proved that Mr. Gossett had not committed the rape. Despite what the victim thought she recalled. Andrew Gossett as released and exonerated in 2007. Undeserved prison term: 7 years.

FOOLISH PENNY

What is our price? What do you and I lose if we do nothing? We lose the moral high ground. We lose credibility.

Think about a moment in your own life. You've asked someone to do this or that honorable or helpful thing. They're resistant, and they respond by recalling an episode where you yourself behaved in a manner that contradicts the principles of your request. Your prior behavior gives them an excuse to bow out. You've been discredited. (This has sure happened to me!)

FOR WHOM THE TOLLS BELL

We try to be the force for good. But when people become unhappy with some policy or action that our government pursues, no matter its intent, they can claim skepticism of our motives by pointing to circumstances such as this. They can feel secure in their stance by pointing to the people in our prisons who don't belong there. They can point to these manifest and obvious contradictions to our high ideals.

I know. Mistakes of this magnitude are tough to own.

But think of people in your life who've owned their mistakes. They finally dropped their defense...accepted responsibility...and you admired them.

So others can point to our own prisons and ask why we don't act with more attention and energy to identify and release our unjustly imprisoned fellow citizens.

The Innocence Project has already proved they are there. In numbing numbers. These men and women exist in places they shouldn't be. And we know about it.

Now, what are you and I going to do about that?

HOPE & CHAINS

Personally, I am embarrassed. I am embarrassed that my state of birth and residence, which in many areas launches progressive efforts by people of high ideals and resolute purpose, is nevertheless heavily represented in this list. We have imprisoned innocent people. I'm a little embarrassed by the mistakes themselves, but mostly embarrassed by a lazy husbandry of our stated ideals.

I am among those who believe a society can be judged by the way it treats its weak and vulnerable members. If you're here reading this, I suspect you share this view.

THE FASTBALL

So, won't you please give a money little right now to The Innocence Project?

At least $5? Please check out that button up to the right there. Click. Easy. Cheap.

THE SLIDER

And then follow that gesture of manifest compassion by going to your email to ask three of your sincere friends to visit this page. Will you do it before you get distracted? Don't try to sell them. Just send them here.

INSIDE BASEBALL

Look. I'm with you. We all have many friends who probably wouldn't bother. We are friends with them for reasons independent of any parallel social, political or compassionate leanings. But most of us also have three other friends of truly sincere character who will later, maybe tomorrow, maybe years from now, thank us for turning them on to something meaningful and worthwhile. Something that needs them today.

Come back to this letter in a week or so to see how we're doing. Will you do that?

Reach in with me now. Reach in through the bars, grab a hand, and don't let go of that hand. Will you do that with me?

MONEY IS SO MONEY!

So here's the math: a single DNA evidence test can cost $1,000. That is not insignificant coin.

But...dollar-by-dollar...and then test-by-test...you and I can help free ten people whom were imprisoned by maybe a single error. Overwhelmed courts. Exhausted public defenders. Flawed forensics. Mistakes happen because the potential for mistakes in complex systems are many, and their opportunities are frequent. In this system, mistakes have names.

But you and I can help The Innocence Project find them...cull the truly innocent from those who falsely claim to be...and give them back a life. Pull men and women from something we can barely call life. An existence they don't deserve.

PICTURE IMPERFECT

Imagine right now in your mind a prison. Alcatraz, Folsom or San Quentin. Violence. Solitude. Fear. Imagine your head leaning into the bars. No one believes you. No one thinks of you. Do you or I deserve such an existence? Then why should any innocent man or woman be left to endure that, just because we don't know them? Or we can't be bothered? Is a small inconvenience that insufferable to us? Is that who we are? I don't think it is. If it were, I wouldn't have spent days and days building this letter.

Look. We can demonstrate who we are with one small act today. Right here.

LESS MISERABLES

Now, I could really turn up the heat on you here. I could tell you, through my own research, how many men and women right now are likely in prison that shouldn't be. But I'm not going to do that. With a little skilled Googling of your own, you can find those data if you want. But if you're not prepared to be even a little angrier today, I encourage you to delay that research.

So right now, I don't want to reveal what I found. I don't want to reveal it because the statistical estimate of mistakenly imprisoned men and women, right now, in this country, is, no other way to put it...high. Numbingly high.

A number of such size as to influence some readers not to action, but to inaction. Inertia. Paralysis. Because it's a number that could seem too high to meaningfully influence...so why try?

How can we individuals, we little worker ants, we strangers to these lost people and to one another, really matter?

Well, we do matter...we matter to the maybe one person whom can be pulled by you and me from a horror of seclusion and loneliness and violence that neither you nor I can really comprehend.

Or look at it this way...each innocent person we free, that single act, registers our personal disagreement with a mistaken and unjust collective act. We can meaningfully influence a thing on one end...that we can't influence easily on the other.

THE PRISONERS' DILEMMA

Imagine if it were you in prison. And you are not guilty of the crime you're there for. You were convicted because, say, the jury believed a lying a jailhouse informant. He falsely swore in court that you confessed to him while awaiting trial. He negotiated away your freedom for a better deal for himself. It happens. Not just on TV.

Or because when you were convicted, DNA forensic science was in its infancy. And the prosecutor's expert, while well intentioned, just plain got the evidence wrong. Or the jury just simply didn't grasp it. Also happens. Not just on TV.

Or a well-meaning witness was shown a suspect photo-array, and it was presented in a manner that biased her recall of something that probably happened very fast, and under immense stress. Reams and reams of academic research shows we can be biased, if you didn't know, by nothing more than a detective's eyes pausing over the photo he wants us to choose.

How's that for scary? Our non-conscious perception of body language...head position, minute facial expressions...eye squinting, lips pursing...is a lot more sophisticated and automatic than we realize. Efficient, number-crunching, background sub-routines. Whirring, measuring, calculating, choosing.

TIME AND REASON

So you're in prison mistakenly. Wouldn't you want us, out here, to overcome the inertia of overwhelming numbers to reach in and pull you out? To see you? Wouldn't you need us to?

That is what you and I are doing here. Seeing them. Unjustly imprisoned men and women need you and me.

No pleasant way to couch it: without us...they are lost. I'm not okay with that. I don't think you're okay with that either. Why? You're still here with me. Hoping to be nudged just a little more into taking the meaningful action. Having your schedule inconvenienced for a few minutes.

It's not really the money, is it. I mean, it's $5. Not a million.

So will you help me pay for 10 DNA tests? Please give money some. Go to the button over there, and let at least $5 slip from your fingers.

Then email three friends to visit this page.This will magnify our efforts. Exponentially. They tell three friends...and they tell three friends...

THE HEAVY LIFTING

I will do the work for you. You don't have to sell your friends. Just them encourage to visit this page. And how's this for easy...here's the IP address to cut and paste in your 3 emails: 

http://www.crowdrise.com/theinnocenceproject1/fundraiser/fredhamann1

Well, so however this goes, thank-you for you time.

Sincerely,

A.F. Hamann. California.

ALMOST FREE CANDY

P.S. I'm going to throw some feel-good logic your way: giving some money here today and then emailing three friends will straighten your shoulders and make you invulnerable, within your new Teflon armor, to the slings and arrows that are always flying. Because you will have done really good. You will walk tall all day...

...And walking tall is an expression of confidence. Confidence is magnetic. Good things from all directions will feel irresistibly attracted to you. Like little flakes of well-being...

SNAP!

...And so suddenly in the eyes of others you are thinner, better looking, smarter, happier and more charismatic than anyone else they know. Imagine that in your pocket.

WE WON'T BE UNDERSOLD!

Five dollars...$5...is 50% off $10! Who wouldn't want a half-off discount from an already great deal to do rare good, and be unbelievably attractive for a whole day!? For a measly sawbuck!? Gosh.

 

                                     THE LIST

Joseph Abbitt North Carolina 14 years Habib Wahir Abdal New York 16 years Kenneth Adams Illinois 17 years Gilbert Alejandro Texas 4 years Richard Alexander Indiana 3 years Marvin Anderson Virginia 20 years Herman Atkins California 12 years Steven Avery Wisconson 18 years William D. Avery Wisconsin 6 years David Ayers Ohio 11 years James Bain Florida 35 years Bennett Barbour Virginia 34 years Steven
 Barnes New York 20 years Jonathan Barr Illinois 14 years Chester Bauer Montana 14 years Gene Bibbins Louisiana 16 years Phillip Bivens Mississippi 30 years Michael Blair Texas 14 years Kirk 
Bloodsworth Maryland 8 years Donte Booker Ohio 18 years Orlando Boquete Florida 23 years Larry Bostic Florida 18 years Marcellius Bradford Illinois 13 years Ted 
Bradford Washington 14 years Mark Diaz Bravo California 4 years Kennedy Brewer Mississippi 13 years Johnny Briscoe Missouri 23 years Dale Brison Pennsylvania 4 years Jmmy Ray Bromgard Montana 15 years Dennis Brown Louisiana 20 years Danny Brown Ohio 19 years Roy
Brown New York 15 years Keith
Brown North Carolina 4 years Patrick Brown Pennsylvania 8 years David Johns Bryson Oklahoma 20 years Ronnie Bullock Illinois 10 years  Harold Buntin Indiana 19 years Victor Burnette Virginia 30 years A.B.
Butler Texas 17 years Kevin
Byrd Texas 12 years Dean 
Cage Illinois 12 years Leonard
 Callace New York 5 years Anthony
Capozzi New York 20 years Anthony Caravella Florida 24 years Terry
 Chalmers New York 8 years Clyde
 Charles Louisiana 15 years Ulysses Rodriguez Charles Massachusetts 17 years Charles Chatman Texas 27 years Robert 
Clark Georgia 23 years Allen Coco Louisiana 9 years Timothy Cole Texas 23 years Ronald Cotton North Carolina 10 years Sedrick Courtney Oklahoma 16 years Stephan Cowans Massachusetts 6 years Roy Criner Texas 10 years McKinley Cromedy New Jersey 5 years Alan
Crotzer Florida 15 years Rolando Cruz Illinois 10 years Calvin Wayne Cunningham Virginia 30 years Charles Dabbs New York 7 years Dwayne Allen Dail North Carolina 18 years Richard Danziger Texas 12 years Willie Davidson Virginia 24 years Gerald Davis West Virginia 8 years Dewey Davis West Virginia 8 years Cody Davis Florida 1 year Larry W. Davis Washington 17 years Frederick Daye California 10 years James Dean Nebraska 19 years Wilton Dedge Florida 22 years Jeff Deskovic New York 16 years Robert Dewey Colorado 16 years Luis Diaz Florida 25 years William Dillon Florida 27 years John Dixon New Jersey 10 years Bobby Ray Dixon Mississippi 30 years Alejandro Dominguez Illinois 12 years Thomas Doswell Pennsylvania 19 years Gary Dotson Illinois 10 years Cornelius Dupree Texas 31 years Timothy Durham Oklahoma 4 years Douglas Echols Georgia 15 years James Edwards Illinois 16 years Clarence Elkins Ohio 6 years Lonnie Erby Missouri 17 years Michael Evans Illinois 26 years Jerry Lee Evans Texas 22 years Charles Irvin Fain Idaho 18 years Scott Fappiano New York 21 years Joseph Fears Jr. Ohio 25 years Wiley Fountain Texas 17 years Dennis Fritz Oklahoma 11 years Larry Fuller Texas 26 years Donald Eugene Gates District of Columbia 27 years James Curtis Giles Texas 24 years Larry Gillard Illinois 27 years Bruce Godschalk Pennsylvania 15 years Hector Gonzalez New York 6 years Kathy Gonzalez Nebraska 19 years Donald Wayne Good Texas 20 years Bruce Dallas Goodman Utah 18 years Andrew Gossett Texas 7 years David A. Gray Illinois 21 years Anthony Gray Maryland 8 years Paula Gray Illinois 24 years Edward Green District of Columbia <1 year Kevin Green California 16 years Michael Green Ohio 13 years Michael Anthony Green Texas 27 years William
 Gregory Kentucky 7 years Byron
Halsey New Jersey 19 years Dennis Halstead New York 18 years James
Harden Illinois 16 years William O'Dell Harris West Virginia 8 years Clarence Harrison Georgia 17 years Nathaniel Hatchett Michigan 10 years Travis Hayes Louisiana 9 years Thomas Haynesworth Virginia 27 years Chad Heins Florida 11 years Eugene Henton Texas 22 years Alejandro Hernandez Illinois 10 years Anthony Hicks Wisconsin 6 years Larry Holdren West Virginia 15 years Jeffrey Holeman Alabama 11 years Dana Holland Illinois 10 years Edward
Honaker Virginia 9 years Darryl Hunt North Carolina 19 years Kenneth Ireland Conneticut 20 years Willie Jackson Louisiana 17 years Dwayne Jackson Nevada 8 years Raymond Jackson Texas 28 years Henry
James Louisiana 29 years Lesly Jean North Carolina 19 years Verneal Jimerson Illinois 11 years Albert Johnson California 10 years Calvin Johnson Georgia 16 years Larry Johnson Missouri 18 years Richard Johnson Illinois 4 years Rickie Johnson Louisiana 25 years Arthur Johnson Mississippi 15 years Anthony Johnson Louisiana 24 years Joe
Jones Kansas 6 years Ronald Jones Illinois 10 years David Allen Jones California 9 years Kenneth Kagonyera North Carolina 10 years Entre Nax Karage Texas 8 years William Kelly Pennsylvania 3 years John Kogut New York 19 years Paul D. Kordonowy Montana 13 years Kerry 
Kotler New York 10 years Ray Krone Arizona 10 years Barry Laughman Pennsylvania 16 years Carlos Lavernia Texas 15 years Johnnie Lindsey Texas 28 years Steven Linscott Illinois 10 years Eddie Joe Lloyd Michigan 17 years Eddie James Lowery Kansas 21 years Marcus Lyons Illinois 19 years Ronnie Mahan Alabama 12 years Dale Mahan Alabama 12 years Dennis Maher Massachusetts 19 years Michael Marshall Georgia 1 year Ryan Matthews Louisiana 5 years Larry Mayes 19 years Indiana Curtis McCarty 19 years Oklahoma Robert McClendon 27 years Ohio Antron McCray 12 years New York Arvin McGee 13 years Oklahoma Thomas McGowan 23 years Texas Lawrence McKinney 31 years Tennessee Clark McMillan 22 years Tennessee Leonard McSherry 13 years California Michael Mercer 11 years New York Billy Wayne Miller 22 years Texas Neil Miller 10 years Massachusetts Robert Miller 10 years Oklahoma Jerry Miller 25 years Illinois Perry Mitchell South Carolina 14 years Marvin Mitchell Massachusetts 7 years Brandon Moon Texas 17 years Curtis Jasper Moore Virginia 30 years Michael Morton Texas 24 years Vincent Moto Pennsylvania 9 years Arthur Mumphrey Texas 20 years Bruce Nelson Pennsylvania 9 years Willie Nesmith Pennsylvania 18 years Alan Newton New York 21 years Alan G. Northrop Washington 17 years James O'Donnell New York 2 years James Ochoa California 1 year Christopher Ochoa Texas 13 years Kirk Odom District of Columbia 31 years Larry
Ollins Illinois 13 years Calvin
Ollins Illinois 13 years Victor Ortiz New York 12 years Chaunte Ott Wisconsin 13 years Douglas Pacyon New York 25 years Maurice Patterson Illinois 7 years Freddie Peacock New York 34 years Marlon Pendleton Illinois 10 years Larry
Peterson New Jersey 17 years Steven Phillips Texas 26 years Jeffrey Pierce Oklahoma 15 years Johnny Pinchback Texas 27 years Brian
Piszczek Ohio 3 years David Shawn Pope Texas 15 years Anthony Powell Massachusetts 12 years Ricardo Rachell Texas 6 years Willie Rainge Illinois 17 years John Restivo New York 18 years Donald Reynolds Illinois 9 years Kevin Richardson New York 12 years James Richardson West Virginia 10 years Harold Richardson Illinois 15 years Juan Rivera Illinois 20 years Anthony Robinson Texas 13 years George Rodriquez Texas 18 years Lafonso Rollins Illinois 10 years Miguel Roman Conneticut 19 years Peter Rose California 9 years Julius Ruffin Virginia 21 years Larry Ruffin Mississippi 30 years Fredric Saecker Wisconsin 6 years Yusef Salaam New York 12 years Ben Salazar Texas 5 years Raymond Santana New York 12 years Eric Sarsfield Massachusetts 13 years Omar Saunders Illinois 13 years Michael Saunders Illinois 15 years Calvin Lee Scott Oklahoma 20 years Samuel Scott Georgia 15 years Dwayne Scruggs Indiana 7 years Shainne Sharp Illinois 18 years Debra Shelden Nebraska 20 years David
Shephard New Jersey 11 years Walter D. Smith Ohio 10 years Billy James Smith Texas 19 years Frank Lee Smith Florida 14 years Walter Snyder Virginia 7 years Frank Sterling New York 18 years Robert Lee Stinson Wisconsin 24 years David Brian Sutherlin Minnesota 17 years Josiah
Sutton Texas 5 years Terrill
Swift Illinois 14 years Ronald Gene Taylor Texas 13 years Ada JoAnn Taylor Nebraska 19 years Robert Taylor Illinois 14 years Paul Terry Illinois 26 years Vincent Thames Illinois 14 years Damon Thibodeaux Louisiana 15 years Victor Larue Thomas Texas 16 years Phillip Leon Thurman Virginia 20 years James Tillman Conneticut 17 years Steven Toney Missouri 13 years Raymond Towler Ohio 29 years Jerry Frank Townsend Florida Santae Tribble District of Columbia 32 years Keith E. Turner Texas 22 years David Vasquez Virginia 4 years Robert Lee Veal Illinois 16 years Eduardo Velasquez Massachusetts 13 years Armand Villasana Missouri 1 year James Waller Texas 24 years Patrick WallerTexas 16 years Gregory Wallis Texas 18 years Billy Wardell Illinois 9 years Douglas Warney New York 9 years Earl Washington Virginia 16 years Calvin Washington Texas 14 years Leo Waters North Carolina 21 years Kenny Waters Massachusetts 18 years Jerry Watkins Indiana 14 years John Kenneth Watkins Arizona 6 years Mark Webb Texas 15 years Troy Webb Virginia 7 years Thomas Webb Oklahoma 13 years Bernard Webster Maryland 19 years John Jerome White Georgia 27 years Joseph White Nebraska 19 years Arthur Lee Whitfield Virginia 22 years Drew Whitley Pennsylvania 17 years David Wiggins Texas 23 years Robert Wilcoxson North Carolina 9 years Michael Anthony Williams Louisiana 24 years Dennis Williams Illinois 18 years Willie Williams Georgia 22 years Derrick Williams Florida 18 years James Curtis Williams Texas 8 years Ron Williamson Oklahoma 11 years John Willis Illinois 7 years Calvin Willis Louisiana 21 years Thomas Winslow Nebraska 19 years Korey Wise New York 12 years  Glen Woodall West Virginia 5 years James Lee Woodard Texas 18 years Anthony D. Woods Missouri 21 years Kenneth Wyniemko 9 years Michigan Nicholas Yarris Pennsylvania 21 years Kenneth York Missouri 16 years Larry Youngblood Arizona 15 years

                                      END OF LIST

 

*Source: innocenceproject.org/Content/Herman_Atkins.php

**Source: innocenceproject.org/Content/Robert_Clark.php

***Source: innocenceproject.org/Content/Andrew_Gossett.php

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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A.F. Hamann

A.F. Hamann

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