- A Liver Transplant is needed when the liver fails, usually because of long-term disease.
- About 17,000 Americans are on a waiting list for a liver transplant
- In 2005, there were about 6,500 liver transplants in the U.S.
- The number of liver transplantations has been steadily increading for more than 15 years.
- Cirrhosis caused by hepatitis C is the most common reason for liver transplantation.
- Donated livers can come from either deceased donors or living donors
- The five-year survival rate for liver transplant patients is over 70 percent.
Liver Transplant Procedures
A liver transplant may involve the whole liver, a reduced liver, or a liver segment. Most transplants involve the whole organ but segmental transplants have been performed with increasing frequency in recent years. This would allow two liver recipients to be transplanted from one cadaveric donor or to allow for living donor liver donation. A reduced liver transplant may result if the donor liver is too large for the recipient.
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