Yemaya's Hope For Tomorrow
Organized by: Jessyka Ruffat
EVENT DATE Apr 07, 2014
Autism or Autistic Disorder is a pervasive developmental disorder that affects all of mental
development. It looks very different at different ages and certain features do not become
apparent until later. Autism is probably present at birth but is often not identified until the child
fails to develop communicative language at about 2 years of age. 70% of children with Autism
have IQ's below 70; and 11% have IQ's above 85. Those individuals who are most
developmentally delayed are usually also most autistic. As with normally developing children
no two children with Autism are alike and the differential diagnosis of such disorders as
Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, Nonverbal Learning Disability (NLD), Pervasive
Developmental Disorder (PDD), and severe communication disorder can be difficult. It is
believed by many researchers that the fundamental deficit that is seen in autistic children
is a "mind blindness" or a lack of a theory of mind or the capacity to understand that
other people think and feel the same way as they do. This deficit is believed to
contribute to the difficulty that autistic children have in imitating another person's
reactions, particularly their body movements, and particularly if the content of the
actions is affective. Several studies have also found specific deficits in autistic children's
perception and understanding of emotions.
Children with Autism have three primary distinguishing features:
· Impairments in social interaction (are not interested in peer interactions and
may show little eye-to-eye contact and lack of sharing with others).
· Impairments in communication (delays in or lack of spoken language).
· Repetitive and stereotypic behaviours, interests and activities (may show
behaviours such as hand flapping, spinning objects, and rituals).